:: Journal of International Environmental Application & Science ::

Year 2006, Volume I (Issue I-II)

Journal of International Environmental Application and Science , Vol. 1, No. 7 (2006), 80-90

The determination of the effects of addition of calcium and vitamin D on the bone mineral density and on some blood parameters of the sportsmen


1Physical Educate and Sport College, Selcuk University, Konya-Turkey
2 2Lecturer, Veterinarian Faculty,Selcuk University Konya-Turkey

Abstract: This study was carried out to determine the effects of calcium and calcium +D vitamin on the bone mineral density (BMD) and some blood parameters of 60 elite sportsmen who study in different branches of Physical Education Colleges. In the study, lumbar and pelvis (neck, troch, inter, wart triangle) area measurements were used to determine BMD. Procalcitonin, parathyroid, sodium, potassium, chlorine, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, phosphate, and vitamin D3 in the blood, and level of pridinolin in the urine were examined as biochemical values. The subjects were divided into tree as calcium (Ca), calcium vitamin +D(Ca D), and control groups. The subjects in the calcium group were given 1000 mg extra calcium tablets and the ones in the vitamin D group were given 600 mg calcium +400 IU vitamin D. No extra tablets were given to the control group. Two measurements were taken for the study: one in the beginning and the other at the end. "One Way ANNOVA", "Duncan" tests were applied in and inter groups. As a result of the study, it was found that there was no significant statistical difference in the values of procalcitonin, parathyroid, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, alkaline phosphates in the blood, pridinoline in in the urine, and BMD of the subjects (p>0.05); whereas, the value of vitamin D3 in CaD groups increased more than other groups (p<0.05). The value of sodium decreased in all groups (p<0.001), but the value of chlorine increased (p<0.05). These statistical findings prove that the extra calcium and calcium vitamin +D given to the elite sportsmen has no effect on them.


Keywords: Sportsmen, calcium and vitamin D, bone mineral density, blood parameters.